95 Theses Date

95 Theses Date-10
Luther was one of those figures who touched off something much larger than himself; namely, the Reformation—the sundering of the Church and a fundamental revision of its theology. As German-speaking lands asserted their independence from Rome, other forces were unleashed.Once he had divided the Church, it could not be healed. In the Knights’ Revolt of 1522, and the Peasants’ War, a couple of years later, minor gentry and impoverished agricultural workers saw Protestantism as a way of redressing social grievances.This is when it became an official German observance and the date from which it would spread on an international level.

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Rather, like all “theses” in those days, they were points to be thrashed out in public disputations, in the manner of the ecclesiastical scholars of the twelfth century or, for that matter, the debate clubs of tradition-minded universities in our own time.

If the Ninety-five Theses sprouted a myth, that is no surprise.

Maximilian I, the Holy Roman Emperor, was dying—he brought his coffin with him wherever he travelled—but he was taking his time about it. Furthermore, he was young—only seventeen when Luther wrote the Ninety-five Theses. It had also started an ambitious building campaign, including the reconstruction of St. To pay for these ventures, it had borrowed huge sums from Europe’s banks, and to repay the banks it was strangling the people with taxes.

The presumptive heir, King Charles I of Spain, was looked upon with grave suspicion. It has often been said that, fundamentally, Luther gave us “modernity.” Among the recent studies, Eric Metaxas’s “Martin Luther: The Man Who Rediscovered God and Changed the World” (Viking) makes this claim in grandiose terms.

As they point out, Luther wanted no part of pluralism—even for the time, he was vehemently anti-Semitic—and not much part of individualism.

People were to believe and act as their churches dictated.Almost as soon as Luther started the Reformation, alternative Reformations arose in other localities. Meanwhile, he did what he thought was his main job in life, teaching the Bible at the University of Wittenberg.From town to town, preachers told the citizenry what it should no longer put up with, whereupon they stood a good chance of being shoved aside—indeed, strung up—by other preachers. The Reformation wasn’t led, exactly; it just spread, metastasized. The relationship between the people and the rulers could hardly have been worse. It was warring with the Turks at the walls of Vienna.The fact that Luther’s protest, rather than others that preceded it, brought about the Reformation is probably due in large measure to his outsized personality. And though at times he showed that hankering for martyrdom that we detect, with distaste, in the stories of certain religious figures, it seems that, most of the time, he just got out Luther was born in 1483 and grew up in Mansfeld, a small mining town in Saxony. The Luthers ate suckling pig and owned drinking glasses.He was a charismatic man, and maniacally energetic. His father started out as a miner but soon rose to become a master smelter, a specialist in separating valuable metal (in this case, copper) from ore. They had either seven or eight children, of whom five survived.Some people observe the day from a religious standpoint and use it to attend special church services.Other people observe it as any other public holiday and take the time to shop or sight-see.Reformation Day is an important day that allows Protestants to not only reflect on the history of their religion, but also one that is important in honoring the core belief system of Protestantism.Down the corridors of religious history we hear this sound: Martin Luther, an energetic thirty-three-year-old Augustinian friar, hammering his Ninety-five Theses to the doors of the Castle Church of Wittenberg, in Saxony, and thus, eventually, splitting the thousand-year-old Roman Catholic Church into two churches—one loyal to the Pope in Rome, the other protesting against the Pope’s rule and soon, in fact, calling itself Protestant.He remembered drawing up a list of ninety-five theses around the date in question, but, as for what he did with it, all he was sure of was that he sent it to the local archbishop.Furthermore, the theses were not, as is often imagined, a set of non-negotiable demands about how the Church should reform itself in accordance with Brother Martin’s standards.


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