Each writing exercise is intended to help you to develop particular skills.Most introductory and intermediate level anthropology writing assignments ask for a critical assessment of a group of readings, course lectures, or concepts.Ethnographies have traditionally been based on an anthropologist’s long-term, firsthand research (called fieldwork) in the place and among the people or activities s/he is studying. In some assignments, you might be asked to evaluate the claims different researchers have made about the emergence and effects of particular human phenomena, such as the advantages of bipedalism, the origins of agriculture, or the appearance of human language.
Each of these subfields takes a different approach to the study of humans; together, they provide a holistic view.
So, for example, physical anthropologists are interested in humans as an evolving biological species.
What kinds of anthropological concerns or questions did Morgan have?
What kinds of anthropological concerns underlie the current anthropological work on globalization that you have selected?
The final exam will be scored out of 80 marks (worth 40% of your final grade).
Part 1 of the exam is 60 points (questions will be handed out on exam day).Take detailed notes on your observations, documenting the setting of your fieldwork, the time of day or night during which you observed and anything that you feel will help paint a picture of your experience. Sample assignment: The emergence of bipedalism (the ability to walk on two feet) is considered one of the most important adaptive shifts in the evolution of the human species, but its origins in space and time are debated.Using course materials and outside readings, examine three authors’ hypotheses for the origins of bipedalism.Anthropology is the study of human groups and cultures, both past and present.Anthropology shares this focus on the study of human groups with other social science disciplines like political science, sociology, and economics.Your anthropology instructor might expect you to engage in a semester-long ethnographic project or something shorter and less involved (for example, a two-week mini-ethnography). “Ethnography” means, literally, a portrait (graph) of a group of people (ethnos). At the end of your observation period, type up your fieldnotes, including your personal thoughts (labeling them as such to separate them from your more descriptive notes).An ethnography is a social, political, and/or historical portrait of a particular group of people or a particular situation or practice, at a particular period in time, and within a particular context or space. Then write a reflective response about your experience that answers this question: how is riding a bus about more than transportation?Instead, a critical essay should evaluate or assess both the weaknesses and the merits of a given set of readings, theories, methods, or arguments.Sample assignment: Assess the cultural evolutionary ideas of late 19th century anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan in terms of recent anthropological writings on globalization (select one recent author to compare with Morgan).Linguistic anthropologists are concerned with the physical and historical development of human language, as well as contemporary issues related to culture and language.Archaeologists examine human cultures of the past through systematic examinations of artifactual evidence.