Sometimes it arrives suddenly, as in Degray’s case. 10, 2007, when he fell and sustained a life-changing spinal-cord injury. Holding the garbage in one hand and the recycling in the other, he slipped on the grass and landed on his chin.
The impact spared his brain but severely injured his spine, cutting off all communication between his brain and musculature from the head down.
Millions of people with paralysis reside in the United States.
Sometimes their paralysis comes gradually, as occurs in ALS.
One participant, Dennis Degray of Menlo Park, California, was able to type 39 correct characters per minute, equivalent to about eight words per minute.
This point-and-click approach could be applied to a variety of computing devices, including smartphones and tablets, without substantial modifications, the Stanford researchers said.
“Our study’s success marks a major milestone on the road to improving quality of life for people with paralysis,” said Jaimie Henderson, MD, professor of neurosurgery, who performed two of the three device-implantation procedures at Stanford Hospital.
The third took place at Massachusetts General Hospital.
Neilsen Foundation, the Stanford Medical Scientist Training Program, Stanford Bio X-Neuro Ventures, the Stanford Institute for Neuro-Innovation and Translational Neuroscience, the Stanford Neuroscience Institute, Larry and Pamela Garlick, Samuel and Betsy Reeves, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the U. Department of Veterans Affairs, the MGH-Dean Institute for Integrated Research on Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke and Massachusetts General Hospital.
Stanford’s Office of Technology Licensing holds intellectual property on the intercortical BCI-related engineering advances made in Shenoy’s lab.