Child Poverty Essay Introduction

Child Poverty Essay Introduction-37
In Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia, this number increased to over 80%, with the rural children from these areas the worst affected.

In Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia, this number increased to over 80%, with the rural children from these areas the worst affected.The Young Lives Project is investigating the changing nature of child poverty by following nearly 12,000 children for 15 years in four countries (Ethiopia, Peru, Vietnam and India), chosen to reflect a wide range of cultural, political, geographical and social contexts.

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The majority of poverty-stricken children are born to poor parents.

Therefore, the causes such as adult poverty, government policies, lack of education, unemployment, social services, disabilities and discrimination significantly affect the presence of child poverty.

Child poverty, when measured using relative thresholds, will only improve if low-income families benefit more from economic advances than well-off families.

Measures of child poverty using income thresholds will vary depending on whether relative or absolute poverty is measured and what threshold limits are applied.

Using a relative measure, poverty is much higher in the US than in Europe, but if an absolute measure is used, then poverty in some European countries is higher.

It is argued that using income as the only threshold ignores the multidimensional aspect of child poverty, which includes consumption requirements, access to resources and the ability to interact in society safely and without discrimination.Child poverty refers to the state of children living in poverty.This applies to children that come from poor families or orphans being raised with limited, or in some cases absent, state resources.Ethiopia, one of the poorest countries in the world, has also shown slight economic growth and reduction in poverty.Inequalities still exist, with boys more likely to be malnourished than girls and more absolute poverty in rural areas, although relative poverty is higher in urban areas.Additionally, the capability approach claims that development should be considered a process of expanding freedoms or removing the major sources of unfreedom rather than a focus on narrower measurements such as growth of gross national product, per capita income, or industrialization.According to kos basic needs approach (which in most aspects is quite like the capability approach), the objective of development should be to provide all humans with the opportunity to a full life, which goes beyond abstractions such as money, income, or employment.Every three to four years, researchers will collect data on the children and their families health, malnutrition, literacy, access to services and other indicators of poverty.Reports are available for these four countries that comparing the initial data obtained in 2002 with data from 2006.The Child Fund International (CFI) definition is based on Deprivation (lack of materialistic conditions and services), Exclusion (denial of rights and safety) and Vulnerability (when society can not deal with threats to children).If a family does not earn above that threshold, the children of that family will be considered to live below the poverty line.


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