Effects Of Smoking Research Paper

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Learn about the American Lung Association’s programs to help you or a loved one quit smoking, and join our advocacy efforts to reduce tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke.

at least $289 billion each year, including at least $151 billion in lost productivity and $130 billion in direct healthcare expenditures.

Smokers are at higher risk of developing pneumonia, tuberculosis, and other airway infections (1–3).

In addition, smoking causes inflammation and impairs immune function (1).

Among the 250 known harmful chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 69 can cause cancer.

These cancer-causing chemicals include the following (1, 2, 5): Smoking is the leading cause of premature, preventable death in this country.We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .Mortality rates among smokers are about three times higher than among people who have never smoked (6, 7).Smoking harms nearly every bodily organ and organ system in the body and diminishes a person’s overall health.A pregnant smoker is at higher risk of miscarriage, having an ectopic pregnancy, having her baby born too early and with an abnormally low birth weight, and having her baby born with a cleft lip and/or cleft palate (1). Surgeon General, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer have classified secondhand smoke as a known human carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) (5, 11, 12).A woman who smokes during or after pregnancy increases her infant’s risk of death from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) (2, 3). Inhaling secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in nonsmoking adults (1, 2, 4). Surgeon General estimates that living with a smoker increases a nonsmoker’s chances of developing lung cancer by 20 to 30% (4).By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies.We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.Smoking causes cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, cervix, colon, and rectum, as well as acute myeloid leukemia (1–3).Smoking also causes heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm (a balloon-like bulge in an artery in the chest), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), diabetes, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, age-related macular degeneration, and cataracts, and worsens asthma symptoms in adults.

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