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Because humanities research highlights how one piece of writing influences another, MLA style emphasizes the author’s name and the page in the original text you’re using.
There are many styles of referencing; the two most common systems are Harvard and Numeric. In the text use the surname(s) of the author(s) and the year of publication.
References should then be listed alphabetically by author at the end of the work, with the year of publication placed immediately after the author's name.
Chicago style is especially popular in historical research.
When developing a historical explanation from multiple primary sources, using footnotes instead of inserting parenthetical information allows the reader to focus on the evidence instead of being distracted by the publication information about that evidence.
The footnotes can be consulted if someone wants to track down your source for further research.
Chicago style is more flexible than MLA and APA formats, and therefore more complicated to explain.
Academic disciplines have varying expectations for how to list citation information.
In some instances, even two journals in the same field will use different styles.
Please see More Notes on Chicago Style Footnotes for more information about how Chicago style is treated in this guide.
All three of these styles have different conventions for how to refer to a source in the body of your paper.