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Rehabilitation psychologists studying individuals with frontal lobe injuries have found that deficits in emotional control and reasoning can be remediated with effective rehabilitation and could improve the capacity of injured persons to resolve everyday problems.
The resolution theorem-prover used by Cordell Green bore little resemblance to human problem solving methods.
In response to criticism of his approach, emanating from researchers at MIT, Robert Kowalski developed logic programming and SLD resolution, Problem solving is used when products or processes fail, so corrective action can be taken to prevent further failures.
There are two different types of problems, ill-defined and well-defined: different approaches are used for each.
Well-defined problems have specific goals and clear expected solutions, while ill-defined problems do not.
The term problem solving means slightly different things depending on the discipline.
For instance, it is a mental process in psychology and a computerized process in computer science.
The ability to understand what the goal of the problem is, and what rules could be applied, represents the key to solving the problem.
Sometimes the problem requires abstract thinking or coming up with a creative solution.
The process starts with problem finding and problem shaping, where the problem is discovered and simplified.
The next step is to generate possible solutions and evaluate them.