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If your sample size is too small, it will be difficult to identify significant relationships from the data.
The following are some major potential methodological issues that can impact the conclusions researchers can draw from the research: Sampling errors occur when a probability sampling method is used to select a sample, but that sample does not reflect the general population or appropriate population concerned.
This results in limitations for your study known as “sample bias” or “selection bias.” For example, if you conducted a survey to obtain your research results, your samples (participants) were asked to respond to the survey questions.
If time constraints negatively impacted your study in any way, acknowledge this impact by mentioning a need for a future study (e.g., a longitudinal study) to answer this research problem.
Researchers might be biased views due to their cultural backgrounds or perspectives of certain phenomena, and this can affect a study’s legitimacy.
Since all studies face limitations, being honest and detailing these limitations will impress researchers and reviewers much more than ignoring them.
Some limitations might be evident to researchers before the start of the study, while others might become clear while you are conducting the research.Although limitations address the potential weaknesses of a study, writing about them towards the end of your paper actually strengthens your study by identifying any problems before researchers or reviewers find them.Furthermore, pointing out study limitations shows that you’ve considered the impact of research weakness thoroughly and have an in-depth understanding of your research topic.Whether these limitations are anticipated or not, and whether they are due to research design or to methodology, they should be clearly identified and discussed in the Discussion section–the final section of your paper.More specifically, try to place study limitations near the of this section, after you have touted some of the strengths of your methodology.It is a good idea to understand how to choose an appropriate sample size before you conduct your research by using scientific calculation tools.Citing and referencing prior research studies constitutes the basis of the literature review for your thesis or study, and these prior studies provide the theoretical foundations for the research question you are investigating.In this case, discovering a limitation can be considered an important opportunity to identify new gaps in the prior literature and to present the need for further development in the area of study.After you complete your analysis of the research findings (in the Discussion section), you might realize that the manner in which you have collected the data or the ways in which you have measured variables has limited your ability to conduct a thorough analysis of the results. Study limitations can exist due to constraints on research design or methodology, and these factors may impact the findings of your study.However, many researchers are reluctant to discuss the limitations of their study in their papers, feeling that bringing up limitations may undermine its research value in the eyes of readers and reviewers.