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The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in 15-volt increments all the way up to 450 volts.The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were.The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.
The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue.
The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.
Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room.
There are few facts about the role of obedience when committing acts against one’s personal conscience (1961).
Most theories suggest that only very disturbed people are capable of administering pain to an ordinary citizen if they are ordered to do so.
In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.
In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?
Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority.
The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness.