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Introduction Outline and asses sociological explanations of gender differences in the pattern of crime By looking at official statistics it would appear that 80% of all crime is committed by men.
Introduction Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Differences in Crime Rates Official statistics show that when it comes to crime statistics, males clearly overshadow any crime committed by females.
According to the Home Office in 1997, of people aged 20 years old in the population, fewer than 2% of females were found guilty of an offence compared with 9% of males.
This would explain why men commit more crime than women.
However New Left Realists would disagree and claim that the New Right Realists were over concentrating on the operation of control agencies and that in fact a combination of political marginalisation, relative deprivation and the formation of deviant subcultures leads to crime.
The subsequent impact on men, women, and families due to these changes is believed to be caused by the re-emergence of the women's movement.
Recent research has established beyond a doubt that males and females are born with a different set of "instructions" built into their genetic code.
This would explain why men commit more crime as they are under more social pressures to earn money due to their sex-role socialisation as the bread winner.
However Carlen would argue that woman are more likely to be economically marginalised than men and therefore have reason to have given up on the justice system meaning that they should in fact commit more crime.
These focal concerns need to be followed to prove masculinity, therefore giving an explanation as to why males commit more crimes than females who do not have such social pressures.
Miller is able to show the pressures of socialisation mentioned by functionalists.