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Therefore, the process of people migrating to other areas in search of a better life is not a novel one.What has however gained currency is the increasing voluntary movement in quest of better quality of life by low-skill and low-wage workers as well as high-skill and high-wage workers from less developed rural areas to more developed urban areas, especially among the poor in the developing countries [7–10].
Migration has also been identified as a survival strategy utilized by the poor, especially the rural dwellers.
The assessment of the effects of migration on rural areas has remained relevant since migration acts as a catalyst in the transformation process of not only the destiny of individual migrants but also the conditions of family members left behind, local communities, and the wider sending regions.
However, these studies focus mainly on international migration and on uses of remittances leaving the research that estimates the effects of rural-urban migration on rural communities in developing countries undone.
Rural out-migration is important in the Igbo speaking areas of Southeastern Nigeria.
Data were obtained using mixed methods approach comprising questionnaire surveys and key informant interviews.
This paper examined the effects of rural-urban migration on the rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria.
Consequently, the effects of rural-urban migration in the rural places of origin of migrants may be manifest in two ways.
First, the rural-urban migrants send remittances to their relatives in the rural areas and these remittance-receiving households use the remittances for various purposes.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Six rural local government areas (LGAs) were selected based on population size and spatial equity from two states of Southeastern Nigeria.