Pulp And Paper Terms

Pulp And Paper Terms-1
Biodiversity: Most broadly, biodiversity encompasses the diversity of life on the planet.Biodiversity includes genetic diversity, the diversity of information encoded in genes within a species; species diversity, the diversity and relative abundance of species; and community/ecosystem diversity, the diversity of natural communities.

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The oxygen in chlorine dioxide initially reacts with lignin. Environmental Protection Agency the authority to regulate emissions of air pollutants from all sources in the United States. In natural forests of some regions (e.g., the Pacific Northwest), coarse woody debris on the forest floor also provides important functions as it slowly decays, returning nutrients to the soil, storing water for use in dry periods, and providing animal habitat. Coated groundwood: Coated papers containing more than 10% mechanical pulp (mostly stone groundwood and/or refiner).

This initial reaction produces substances that can chlorinate the remaining organic material. The purpose of the statute is to protect and enhance the quality of the nation’s air resources. Coarse woody debris develops naturally in unmanaged forests, as trees die and decay, and may also be created by forest management (see also Logging debris). Coated groundwood papers also contain softwood bleached kraft pulp to minimize breaks in the printing press.

Best Management Practices or BMPs: In this report, forestry practices specified in state-level forest management guidelines or legislation.

BMPs encompass the practices required by the mandatory forest practice acts in some states as well as the voluntary or quasi-regulatory BMP programs in other states.

Most often used in even-aged silvicultural systems.

Basis weight: The weight of a ream (500 sheets) or other standardized measure of a paper.May include some offset grades such as offset business forms and envelopes.Cable logging: System of transporting logs from stump to landing by means of steel cables and winch.This method is usually preferred on steep slopes, in wet areas, and for erodible soils where tractor logging cannot be carried out effectively.Capacity: The amount of pulp, paper or paperboard that a paper machine or mill is capable of producing over an extended period of time with the full use of its equipment, adequate raw materials and labor and full demand for its products.(2) Papermaking chemical commonly used for precipitating rosin sizing onto pulp fibers to impart water-resistant properties to the paper.Artificial regeneration: Method for producing a new stand of trees following harvesting, in which tree seedlings (or more rarely, seeds) are planted.Coastal Zone Management Act: Federal statute that requires states to formulate programs to reduce water pollution from nonpoint sources impacting coastal waters, including forestry activities. Color: Used to describe colored wastewater discharge from chemical pulping, pulp bleaching or colored-paper manufacture.State management measures can include land use management restrictions and control measures similar to the Best Management Practices developed under the authority of the Clean Water Act. The wastewater is colored by the lignin and lignin derivatives present in spent cooking liquors. As paper experts, we can translate the complex paper market into actionable insights. Adsorbable organic halogens (AOX): Measure of the total amount of halogens (chlorine, bromine and iodine) bound to dissolved or suspended organic matter in a wastewater sample. Demystify paper industry jargon with our comprehensive glossary of paper terms.


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