Especially in China, the United States, the Russian Federation, India and Japan who are the world highest emitters of carbon dioxide.
(World Bank, 2010) Although the activities of man as regards to contributing to global warming are overwhelming and substantial, they are also caused by natural influences such as solar and volcanic activities The importance therefore of mitigating the effects of global warming cannot be overemphasized as the consequence of not doing same could be very devastating.
But what the conference achieved which is seen as a bold step towards ending the menace of global warming was the resolve of developed countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while adapting to the effects and to provide finance for doing same.
The conference also agreed on a long-term plan of keeping the temperature below 2 degrees Celsius.
The world is already experiencing the effects of this warming with rising sea levels when the surface temperature warms up, melting ice from the glaciers, severe heat waves, and dangerous storms.
Even drought, desertification and perceived extinction of animal life, goes a long way to show that global warming is not just a hoax.Developed countries should assist developing countries to mitigate the effects of global warming and in implementing adaptation measures to the adverse effect of climate change. A decisive action must be taken by all stakeholders to stop the way we pollute the environment, preserve and handover a safe environment generations yet unborn. The United Nations has been spearheading moves to tackling the menace of climate change.The Copenhagen Conference on climate change further raised the awareness to a high level and the desire to tackle the menace and produced what is now known as the “Copenhagen Accord.” While the agreements were lauded by many as a significant success, many others doubted the practical application.While the majority of the world leaders agree to the fact that global warming is indeed a global challenge.They are, however, divided on the method of tackling this menace or “which country is trusted to do the right thing on this issue” (Pew Research Center, 2009).Others include; conserving water and encouraging others to adopt environmentally friendly practices to protect our future.Government at all levels should adopt long term measures towards sustainable energy and encourage their citizens to “go green”.Scientists believe these are mostly caused by man’s activities including the burning of fossil fuels thus, “releasing carbon dioxide, COgas it is “also released in landfills and agriculture (especially from the digestive systems of grazing animals), nitrous oxide from fertilizers, gases used for refrigeration and industrial processes, and the loss of forests that would otherwise store CO” Carbon dioxide is the highest cause of global warming among other greenhouse gases which also include: methane, nitrous oxide, and some other artificial gases.This has been on the increase as a result of industrialization and commercialization.