Yet they found only faint evidence that homework provided academic benefit in elementary school (, 2006). Homework proponents also cite the nonacademic advantages it might confer, such as the development of personal responsibility, good study habits and time-management skills.
But as to hard evidence of those benefits, "the jury is still out," says Mollie Galloway, Ph D, associate professor of educational leadership at Lewis & Clark College in Portland, Oregon.
"Little kids and big kids need unstructured time for play each day," she says.
Certainly, time for physical activity is important for kids' health and well-being.
"At all grade levels, doing other things after school can have positive effects," Cooper says.
"To the extent that homework denies access to other leisure and community activities, it's not serving the child's best interest." Children of all ages need down time in order to thrive, says Denise Pope, Ph D, a professor of education at Stanford University and a co-founder of Challenge Success, a program that partners with secondary schools to implement policies that improve students' academic engagement and well-being.That report cited findings from a 2012 survey of first-year college students in which 38.4 percent reported spending six hours or more per week on homework during their last year of high school. The Brookings report also explored survey data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress, which asked 9-, 13- and 17-year-old students how much homework they'd done the previous night.They found that between 19, there was a slight increase in homework for 9-year-olds, but homework amounts for 13- and 17-year-olds stayed roughly the same, or even decreased slightly.To give you a better overall experience, we want to provide relevant ads that are more useful to you.For example, when you search for a film, we use your search information and location to show the most relevant cinemas near you.Now, as schools are shifting to the new (and hotly debated) Common Core curriculum standards, educators, administrators and researchers are turning a fresh eye toward the question of homework's value.But when it comes to deciphering the research literature on the subject, homework is anything but an open book. Spend more time practicing multiplication or studying Spanish vocabulary and you should get better at math or Spanish. Homework can indeed produce academic benefits, such as increased understanding and retention of the material, says Duke University social psychologist Harris Cooper, Ph D, one of the nation's leading homework researchers. In a review of studies published from 1987 to 2003, Cooper and his colleagues found that homework was linked to better test scores in high school and, to a lesser degree, in middle school.Tip: Sign In to save these choices and avoid repeating this across devices.You can always update your preferences in the Privacy Centre.As homework load increased, so did family stress, the researchers found (, 2015).Many high school students also seem to be exceeding the recommended amounts of homework.