Backing refers to any additional support of the warrant.
Since we know that when a study lacks a perspective, it would be beneficial to do more research (i.e., we have a warrant), it would be safe to assume that more research should be conducted (i.e. The other three elements—backing, qualifier, and rebuttal—are not fundamental to a Toulmin argument, but may be added as necessary.
Using these elements wisely can help writers construct full, nuanced arguments.
Several guides were developed in Asymmetrix Multimedia Toolbook and then migrated to the Web in 1996.
Over the years, additional guides were developed and revised, reflecting the efforts of many writers and writing teachers. You can learn who developed a particular guide by clicking on the "contributors" link in that guide.
The rebuttal is an acknowledgement of another valid view of the situation.
Including a qualifier or a rebuttal in an argument helps build your ethos, or credibility.
These guides are the result of a joint effort of the [email protected] project and the Colorado State University Writing Center.
Development of these guides began in 1993, when the original Online Writing Center was developed for campus use at Colorado State University.
Feel free to use the topics for your own essay or as inspiration to create your own original topic.
Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice.