So, it makes sense that young people who go through the adult system are 34 percent more likely than those in the juvenile system to be re-arrested.
Not only is this devastating for these young individuals, it also perpetuates a larger cycle of youth incarceration that is incredibly expensive to taxpayers as they must continue to foot the bill for recidivism. have passed laws to make it more difficult to prosecute and sentence juveniles as adults, including raising the age required for adult prosecution and establishing alternatives to detention.
In fact, until the end of the 19th century, juveniles in the United States who became involved with the criminal justice system were treated in the much the same fashion as adults. Juvenile Justice System - Contemporary Juvenile Justice System and Juvenile Detention Alternatives. Following events such as Columbine the American public began to demand a re-evaluation of the juvenile justice system in this nation.
By the fin de siecle, reforms had been made to adjudicate youthful offenders in separate channels from adults. What many people do not know is that the American juvenile justice system has undergone many changes over the past 100 years. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(2), 228.
There are notable success stories that suggest keeping kids out of the adult system can be extremely beneficial. New York started implementing reforms in 2011, during a period of budget struggles and several investigations by the Justice Department into failing juvenile facilities.
The new task force established a program to keep young offenders in local juvenile facilities as well as focus on their education, mental health and substance abuse issues.
Youth sentenced as adults receive an adult criminal record, which restricts them from many employment and educational opportunities as well as financial aid.
We know from numerous research reports that a lack of education and employment means higher chances of recidivism.
Most juveniles tried as adults, and/or placed in adult facilities, are being denied education and subjected to various dangers, both of which can lead to permanent setbacks and high rates of recidivism.
The majority of states have already started passing reforms to make it more difficult to prosecute juveniles as adults, but there is a long way to go.