Whether you are writing a review for Sportscience, another journal, or a thesis, you should read my guidelines on scientific writing (Hopkins, 1999a).
Here are the main points from that article: In this Background section, make the topic interesting by explaining it in plain language and by relating it to actual or potential practical applications.
Although this mostly depends on your writing skills and experience, there are several things you can keep in mind to help you.
The first, is to remember to keep your “voice”, that is to continuously relate source materials to and provide your conclusions and arguments on specific datas.
There are then several alternatives on the order you are presenting your materials.
Some of them are in chronological order, in an order of significance, in classification by publication, etc.
Ultimately, experiment with all the ways until you find one most useful for your thesis statement.
Finally, it is time to compose your literature review.
This article is written in the form of a literature review for the journal Sportscience.
A few of the requirements for form and content are unique to Sportscience, but most are common to all good scientific journals.